Frequently Asked Questions

 

Questions Answers
PADDY
Identification of short duration, fine grain rice varieties with cold tolerance at reproductive stage. Varieties recommended for cold tolerance: WGL 283, JGL 3844, JGL 3855.
New fungicide evaluation for neck blast management. Isoprothiolone @ 1.5 ml/l and Kasugamycin @ 2.5 ml/L
Paddy variety suitable for sowing during late release of canal water with fine grain quality Nellore Sona (NLR 3041), Nellore Mahsuri (NLR 34449) and Krishna (RNR 2458)
Varieties suitable to Yedagaru NLR 34449, NLR 34242, NLR 30491, NLR 40024, NLR 33671
Non lodging, Non shattering and varieties having dormancy Nellore Sona (NLR 3041), Nellore Mahsuri (NLR 34449), Swetha (NLR 40024) and NLR 33671
Resistant Varieties to blast disease Blast resistant : Sriranga (NLR 28523), Pardhiva (NLR 33892), Swarnamukhi (NLR 145), Nellore Sona (NLR 3041), Swetha (NLR 40024) and Nellore Mahsuri (NLR 34449)
Resistant Varieties to BLB disease BLB resistant: Vedagiri (NLR 33641), Penna (NLR 33365), Deepthi (MTU 4870) and Pardhiva (NLR 33892) Simhapuri, Ajeya , RP- Bio- 226 etc
Drought and flood tolerant paddy NLR 40024 (Swetha) and NLR33671
Fine grain variety with good cooking quality Nellore Sona (NLR 3041), Nellore Mahsuri (NLR 34449) and Krishna (RNR 2458)
Suitable Variety to replace ADT 37 in Yedagaru season NLR 3042 and Swetha (NLR 40024)
Saline and blast tolerant rice variety with fine grain quality and suitable for kharif NLR 3041 is a fine grain variety matures in 145 days with tolerance to blast, salinity and suitable for kharif sowings.
Varieties suitable for late kharif and early rabi seasons Nellore Sona (NLR 3041), Nellore Mahsuri (NLR 34449), Polasa Prabha (JGL 384) , Pranahitha (JGL 11727), Jagtial Mahsuri (JGL 11470), Anjana (JGL 11118)
Suitable rice varieties for submergence / flood prone areas Swarna Sub -1 PLA 1100 (Baadava Mahsuri)
Alternative profitable crops to rice in summer Baby corn, maize and cluster bean grown as vegetable were found to be profitable
Overcoming difficulties in pulling of paddy nurseries Application of gypsum @ 4 kg/cent or1 kg of DAP at 10 days before pulling.
Spacing (Between and row to row ) and age of seedlings for rice transplanter Transplanting of 16 days aged seedlings with a spacing of 24x14 cm gave higher yield with Yanjhi sakthi 8 row paddy transplanter. There is no significant yield difference with intra row spacings from 12-21 cm.
Water level while applying fertilizers or herbicides or granules A thin film of water should be maintained
Weed control in direct sown paddy Application of Pretilachlor @ 500 ml/acre or Oxadiargyl @ 35 g/Acre mixed with 20-25 kg sand / acre at 4-5 days after sowing in thin film of water.
Weed Management in Rice:
  • Fallow land:
    • Spraying of glyphosate@2l/ac +2kg of urea, 15 days before first puddling.
    • Spraying of 2,4 D sodium salt @ 2kg/ac at 21 days before first puddling.
  • Nursery:
          • Application of Benthiocarb @ 2kg/ac with sand on thin film of water after final puddling. Broad casting of seed should be done after 3 days of benthiocarb application.
          • Spraying of cyhalofop –p-butyl @ 2ml/l at 12-15 days after sowing against grasses.
  • Main field:
  • Pre-emergence application:
  • Application of Pretilachlor @ 500 ml or Butachlor@ 1.5 l or Anilophos @ 600 ml/acre with 20 kg of sand against grasses at 3-5 DAT
  • Application of Oxadiargyl 35-50 g/acre at 3-5 days after transplanting with 20 kg of sand against grasses and broad leaved weeds.
  • Application of Bensulfuron methyl (6%) + Pretilachlor (0.6%) (Londax granules) @ 4 kg/ac with 20 kg of sand against grasses and broad leaved weeds at 3-5 days after transplanting
  • Post emergence application: 15-20 DAT:
Grassy Weeds:
  • Spraying of Cyhalofop-p-butyl (Clincher or Pop up) @ 2ml/l at 12 -15 DAT.
Broad leaved Weeds:
  • Spraying of 2, 4 D Sodium salt (Fernoxone / Solix) @ 2 g/1. or
  • Spraying of Ethoxysulfuron@ 50g/ac at 25 DAT
Grassy & broad leaved weeds:
  • Bispyribac sodium (Nomineegold) @ 80-120ml /acre at 15-20 days after planting.
  • Metsulfuron methyl + Chlorimuron ethyl (Almix) @ 8g/acre at 20-25 days after planting.
Control of Water Hyacinth 2, 4 D Sodium salt (Fernoxone / Solix) @ 500 to 600 g/acre.
Zinc deficiency in Paddy Application of Zinc sulphate @20 kg/acre as basal dose or
Spraying of Zinc sulphate @ 2g/l on standing crop 2-3 times at weekly intervals as and when deficiency symptoms appear .
Management of Panicle mite
  • Spraying of Dicofol 5.0 ml/l or Profenophos 2.0 ml/l at panicle initiation stage
  • Spraying of Profenophos @ 2ml/l and propiconazole @1 ml/l at panicle initiation stage at 15 days interval (Rabi)
Management of leaf mite Dicofol 5 ml or Profenophos 2 ml or Spiromesifen 0.4 ml or Phosalone 3.0 ml or wettable sulphur 3g per litre of water
Alternate chemical to Phorate to control Gallmidge Application of Carbofuran 3G @ 10 kg per acre
Alternate chemical for stem borer instead of granules Spraying of Acephate 1.5 g/l or Quinolphos 2.0 ml/l or Chloripyriphos 2.5 ml/l
Stemborer / Leaf folder management
  • Application of Carbofuran 3G @ 10kg/acre or Cartap hydrochloride 4G @ 8kg/acre to control Stem borer and leaf folder or
  • Spray Cartap hydrochloride @ 2.0g/l or Flubendiamide @ 0.2 – 0.3 g/l or Acephate 1.5g/l or chlorpyriphos @ 2.5ml/l.
Gallmidge management Application of Carbofuran 3G @ 10kg/acre or phorate 10G @ 4 kg/ac to control gallmidge.
BPH management
  • Growing of tolerant/resistant varieties like Chaitanya, Krishnaveni, Vijetha, Indra, Cottondora Sannalu etc.
  • Avoid close planting (33hills/sq.m in kharif and 44 hills/sq.m in Rabi).
  • Formation of alleyways of 20cm for every two meter row of planting
  • Alternate wetting and drying of rice field
  • Use of balanced fertilizer dose and avoid use of excessive nitrogenous fertilizers
  • Conservation and encouraging the buildup of natural enemies like spiders and mirid bugs by avoiding early season sprays.
  • Do not spray resurgence causing insecticides like quinalphos, chloripyriphos, profenophos, methyl parathion, triazophos, synthetic pyrethroids like deltamethrin, cypermethrin, L – cyhalothrin, phorate granules etc.
  • When BPH crosses ETL during tillering stage and reproductive stage apply any of the following insecticides as foliar spray, buprofezin 25 Sc @ 1.6ml/l or imidacloprid+ethiprole 80 WG @ 0.25g/l or acephate 75 SP @ 1.5g/l or ethofenprox 10 EC @ 2.0ml/l or monocrotophos 36WSC @ 2.2 ml/l or fenobucarb 50 EC @ 2.0 ml/l of water.
9. If the population is above 100 per hill spray dichlorovos @ 1ml/l + monocrotophos @ 2.2ml/l or dichlorovos @ 1 ml/l + ethofenprox @ 2 ml/l
Note: spray fluid of 200 litres per acre is a must and spray should be directed towards the base of the plant.
Failure of Buprofezin to control BPH Farmers are resorting to spraying on adult population on which the chemical is not effective since it is a moulting inhibitor coupled with defective spraying.
Development of management measures for aphids in Paddy Acephate 1.5 g/l of water was found effective for management of aphids in paddy
Leaf blast disease incidence in rabi rice Spraying of Tricyclozole @ 0.6g/l or Isoprothiolane @ 1.5 ml/l
Correct stage of spraying for control of neck blast Spraying of trizyclazole @ 06.g/l or Isoprothiolane @ 2ml/l or kasugamycin @ 2.5 ml/l at 50% panicle emergence stage with recommended fungicides
Control of stem rot in Paddy Spraying of propiconazole@ 1ml/l or hexaconazole @ 2ml or validamycin @ 2.5ml/l or carbendazim @ 1g/l or twice at the base of the plant at 15 days interval
Grain discoloration in different varieties Spraying of Profenophos @ 2ml/l and propiconazole @1 ml/l at panicle initiation stage at 15 days interval (Rabi)
Sheath blight disease in rice crop Spraying of Hexaconazole @2ml/l or propioconazole @ 1 ml/l is recommended.
Management of Kresek Application of recommended doses of N fertilizers
Management of Bacterial blight Application of recommended doses of nitrogen, through split application of nitrogen and application of Muriate of Potash in excess quantity
Control of false smut in Paddy Spraying of propiconazole@ 1ml/l or carbendazim @ 1g/l at panicle emergence stage and one week after first spray
Control of Sheath rot 1. Seed treatment with carbendazim @ 0.1% specially if disease is noticed in the previous crop from where seed is collected
2. Optimize nitrogen application and in splits.
3. Potash application
4. Trimming of grasses on field bunds
5. Spraying fungicides carbendazim @ 1g/l at booting stage and spray twice or thrice at 10-15 days interval depending upon disease severity and weather conditions. Spray also on bunds and along alleyways.
GROUND NUT
Drought resistant varieties Among the released varieties, Dharani (TCGS 1043) is drought tolerant with high yield potential & desirable pod & seed features.
Collar rot, stem rot & dry root resistant varieties. Among the varieties, Dharani posses field tolerance to these diseases.
Grasses and sedge weed control in groundnut Imazythapyr @300ml/acre was recommended to spray when the weeds are at 2-4 leaf stage
Grasses and sedge weed control in Orchards Glyphosate @ 8ml/liter + Paraquat @ 5ml per liter of water is recommended
Optimum seed rate for Kharif groundnut in Chittoor district 50-60Kg kernels per Acre is recommended
Nutrient management in groundnut FYM: 4 t/acre; Urea: 18 kg/acre; SSP: 100 kg/acre; MOP: 35 kg/acre at basal
Gypsum application 200 kg/acre is to be applied at flowering
Micronutrient application in groundnut ZnSO4 @ 10 kg/acre as basal; Borax @ 4 kg/acre as basal
Control for Fe chlorosis Spraying of FeSO4 @ 5 gm/l twice at week days interval
Organic source for sulphur Pressmud cake @ 4 t/acre as basal
SUGARCANE
High yielding varieties 2003 V 46, 86V96, 87A 298, 83V15, 2005T16, 2003T121, 2005T50, and 97A85
Varieties tolerant to moisture stress CoT8201, 87A298, 97A85, 83V15, 2005T16 and 2003V46
Varieties tolerant to saline-alkaline soils 93A145, 97A85, CoT8201, 83V15, Co7219, 2005T16
Varieties tolerant to water logging CoT8201, 87A298, 97A85, 83V15, 2000V59 and 86V96
Fertilizer requirement in sugarcane 200 kg urea per acre (in 2 equal splits at 45 and 90 days after planting), 300 kg single super phosphate and 75 kg murate of potash per acre as basal for plant crop. 300 kg urea (in two equal splits at ratooning and at 45 days after ratooning) along with SSP and MoP at ratooning for ratoon crop.
Weed control in sugarcane Atrazine @ 2 kg/acre (4.5 g/l) as pre emergence application and 2,4 D sodium salt @ 2 kg (4 g/l) + Metribuzine @ 600 g/acre  (1 g/l) as post emergence application.
Creeper weed control Metsulfuron methyl 10% + chlorimuron ethyl 10% WP (Almix) @ 8 g/ac or 2,4 D sodium salt @ 2 kg (4 g/l)at 75 days after planting.
Fe deficiency in sugarcane Spraying of 20g ferrous sulphate +1 g lime salt /l of water twice with 15 days interval.
Zn deficiency in sugarcane Foliar spraying of 2 g/l zinc sulphate at weekly intervals.
Early shoot borer Early planting in deep furrows, early earthing up, trash mulching @ 3 t/ha, Spraying of malathion  @ 2ml/l or chloripyriphos @ 2.5 ml /l of water, arranging synthetic pheromones @ 5/ac and release of Trichogramma chilonis @ 4 cards/ac at 30 days and at fortnightly intervals for four times.
Yellow leaf disease

Use of healthy seed as planting material. Control of aphid vector by spraying acephate @ 1 g/l or methyl demeton @ 2 ml/l or dimethoate @ 1.7 ml/l or monocrotophos @ 1.6 ml/l.

Reducing cost of cultivation

Mechanisation  in all cultivation practices using cutter planter, bud chip planter, power tiller, mechanical harvester, ratoon management device, trash shredder etc.

MILLETS
High yielding and blast tolerant varieties in Ragi Vakula, Srichaitanya, Godavari, Saptagiri, Ratnagiri, Hima – White Ragi
Control of Blast disease in Ragi Seed treatment with Carbendazim 1 gm/ kg seed to avoid blast disease in nursery stage. If symptoms present on the plants, Spraying of carbendazim @ 1g/lit is recommended.
Pink stem borer in Ragi Spraying of monocrotophos (1.5 ml /lit) and Chloripyriphos (2 ml/lit) on crop.
High yielding Bajra hybrids PHB 3 and the other private promising Bajra hybrids
Downy mildew control in Bajra Treat the seed with Apron SD 35 @ 6 g / kg seed. Foliar spray of Ridomil 25WP @ 1 g/lit at 21 days after sowing if infection exceeds 5%.
Shoot fly in Jowar Sowing with the onset of monsoon before 15th July. In the late sown crop, use high seed rate of 10-12 kg/ha and thinning out the affected and extra plants at 4 weeks after sowing. Seed treatment with Thiomethaxam @ 3 g/kg seed or Imidacloprid @ 4 ml/kg of seed or Carbosulfan 50 sp @ 100 g/kg seed. In heavy infested areas, soil application of carbofuran 3G at 20 kg/ha in seed furrows.
PULSES
Redgram varieties suitable to light soils of Southern Zone LRG-41,TRG-22,WRG-18, PRG-176
YMV resistant Blackgram varieties PU-31,PU-19,LBG-752, Prerelease linesLBG-787 TBG-104
Redgram varieties resistant to SMD BSMR-736,ICPL-87119,ICP-7035 Pre release: TRG-38,TRG-59,TRG-33,TRG-78
Cowpea varieties for dual purpose suitable for all seasons C0-4 C-152,Co-7 Pre release TPTC-29
Yellow Mosaic virus (YMV) resistant varieties in greengram LGG-460,LGG-407 are tolerant to YMV.
Seed treatment with imadacloprid 600FS@5ml /kg seed Removal of YMV plants. Spray NSKE5%or neem oil 5ml at 20DAS
Time of spray & suitable chemical for management of pod fly in redgram Pod development stage.Monocrotophos 1.6ml+ nuvan 1ml/lor Novaluron 1ml/L of water
Studies on synergistic effect of potash and zinc on redgram yield Application of 50kgK2O and 25kg Zinc sulphate significantly increased seed yield
Dry root rot and wilt Seed treatment with carbendazim @ 2.5 g/kg, Rhizocin @2.5g /kg seed. Tricoderma viride@4g/kg seed
Suitability of Bengal gram and identification of high yielding variety for western parts of chittoor district Black soils are suitable .NBeG-1, JG-11, KAK-2
Suitable herbicide for weed control in seed guar Pendimethalin @2.5to 3L/ha as pre emergence and Imazethaphyr@750ml/ha as post emergence application
OIL SEED CROPS
Suitable Sesame varieties for early kharif season. Madhavi,YLM-17 and YLM-66 are suitable
Suitable Soya bean varieties for chittoor district during rabi. LSB-18(Bheem),ADB-22(Basara), JS-335
FARM MECHANIZATION  
Improved groundnut digger cum shaker for harvesting Procured and being demonstrated in farmers fields
Modifications to groundnut wet pod thresher to minimize pod damage while stripping Improvement was carried out. Pod damage reduced
Paddy straw baler Purchased and demonstrated in farmers fields
Sugarcane bud chip transplanter Placed order. Demonstrations will be shown to farmers in training programme
ARS, Utukur  
Leaf folder in Paddy Cartaphydrochloride@2gm/l
Stemborer in Paddy Cartaphydrochloride@2gm/l
Gallmidge in Paddy Soil application of carbofuran3G
granules @10kg/ac
BPH in Paddy Buprofezen@1.6ml/l
Leaf mite& Panicle mite in Paddy Profenophos@ 2 ml/l
Blast in Paddy Tricyclazole @0.6 g/l
Neck blast in Paddy Kasugamycin @2.5 ml/l
Sheath blight and Sheath rot in Paddy Hexaconazole@2ml/l
Zn deficiency in Paddy 3 spraying of ZnSO4@2g/l at 5 days interval
Leaf miner in G.nut Quinalphos@2ml/l
RHC in Groundnut Chlorpyriphos@2.5ml/l
Jassids, Aphids, Thrips in Groundnut Imidachloprid@0.3ml/l
Helicoverpa and Spodoptera in Groundnut Novaluron @1ml/l
Leaf spot in Groundnut Hexaconazole@2ml/l
Collar rot and Root rot in Groundnut Soil drenching withHexaconazole@2ml/l
Iron deficiency in Groundnut FeSO4 @2g/l + Citric acid 0.5g/l
Moisture stress in Groundnut 2% Urea spray
Bud necrosis in Groundnut Imidachloprid@0.3ml/l
Jassids,Thrips,White fly in Cotton Profenophos@2.0ml/l
Angular leaf spot in Cotton COC @ 3g/l
Helicoverpa and Spotted pod borer in Redgram Thiodicarb @1.5g/l
Helicoverpa in Jowar Thiodicarb @1.5g/l
Aphids in Jowar Imidachloprid@0.3ml/l
Helicoverpa and Spodoptera exigua in Bengalgram Novaluron@1ml/l
Root rot in Bengalgram Soil drenching with Hexaconazole@2ml/l
YMV in Blackgram Triazophos@2ml/l
Powdery mildew in Blackgram Tridemorph@1ml/l
Necrosis in Sunflower Imidachloprid@0.3ml/l
Alternaria leafspot in Sunflower Hexaconazole@2ml/l
Viral disease in Muskmelon Fipronil @2ml/l
Downy mildew in Muskmelon Metaloxyl@2g/l
Thrips in Onion & Chillies Fipronil @2ml/l
Helicoverpa & Spodoptera in Tomato & Chillies Thiodicarb@1.0g/l
Viral complex in Tomato Imidachloprid@0.3ml/l
Dieback in Chillies COC @ 3g/l
Mite in Chillies Propargite@1ml/l
Rhizome rot in Turmeric Soil drenching with Copper hydroxide@2g/l
Rhizome fly in Turmeric Soil application with Carbofuron 3G granules @ 10kg/ac
Leaf spot in Turmeric Propiconazole @ 1ml/l
Sigatoka leaf spot in Banana Propiconazole @ 1ml/l
Leaf curl virus in Banana Imidachloprid@0.3ml/l
Mealy bug in Horticulture & field crops Malathion @ 3ml/l +
Dichlorovos@1.0ml/l